Infection Control in Preschools: A Guide to Healthy and Safe Learning Environments

Infection Control in Preschools: A Guide to Healthy and Safe Learning Environments

Preschools play a vital role in early childhood development, providing young children with an environment to learn, explore, and grow. However, with the ongoing concern of infectious diseases, it is crucial to prioritize infection control measures to safeguard the health and well-being of both children and staff. By implementing effective infection control practices, preschools can create a safe and healthy environment for young learners.

This article outlines essential strategies and guidelines to ensure infection control in preschool settings.

  1. Promote Hand Hygiene:

Hand hygiene is the cornerstone of infection control. Preschools should encourage regular handwashing among children, staff, and visitors. Teach proper handwashing techniques, including the use of soap and water for at least 20 seconds, focusing on all areas of the hands. Place hand sanitizers in key areas throughout the facility and ensure they contain at least 60% alcohol. Remind everyone to wash hands before meals, after using the restroom, and after coughing or sneezing.

  1. Respiratory Hygiene:

Preschools are notorious breeding grounds for respiratory infections. Educate staff, children, and parents about respiratory hygiene practices to minimize the spread of germs. Encourage the use of tissues or elbows to cover coughs and sneezes, followed by immediate hand hygiene. Teach children about the importance of not touching their faces to prevent the transfer of germs from contaminated surfaces.

  1. Routine Cleaning and Disinfection:

Maintaining a clean and sanitized environment is crucial in preventing the spread of infections. Establish a routine cleaning schedule for toys, surfaces, and high-touch areas such as doorknobs, light switches, and shared equipment. Use appropriate disinfectants recommended for childcare settings and follow the manufacturer’s instructions for effective germ eradication. Additionally, regularly launder soft toys, fabrics, and bedding to maintain cleanliness.

  1. Illness Policies and Exclusion Guidelines:

Develop clear illness policies in collaboration with healthcare professionals and public health authorities. Educate parents about when to keep children at home to prevent the transmission of contagious diseases. Communicate guidelines on the symptoms that require exclusion from school, such as fever, vomiting, diarrhea, and severe respiratory symptoms. Ensure that children are symptom-free for a recommended duration before returning to school.

  1. Vaccination:

Immunization is a critical aspect of infection control. Encourage parents to follow the recommended vaccination schedules for their children, including seasonal influenza vaccines. Collaborate with local healthcare providers to organize vaccination drives within the preschool community, ensuring high vaccination coverage among staff and students.

  1. Environmental Considerations:

Preschools should pay attention to environmental factors that can impact infection control. Ensure proper ventilation and air circulation to minimize the concentration of airborne pathogens. Maintain comfortable temperatures while allowing fresh air to enter the classrooms. Regularly inspect and maintain plumbing systems to prevent waterborne diseases, such as Legionella.

  1. Education and Training:

Continual education and training are vital to ensure the successful implementation of infection control measures. Conduct regular staff training sessions to update knowledge on infection prevention, hand hygiene, and proper cleaning techniques. Engage parents and children in educational activities that promote good hygiene practices, such as storytelling, songs, and demonstrations.


Preschools hold the responsibility of providing a safe and healthy environment for young children to learn and thrive. Implementing robust infection control measures is crucial in preventing the spread of contagious diseases within these settings. By promoting hand hygiene, maintaining cleanliness, following illness policies, and emphasizing education, preschools can create an environment that prioritizes the health and well-being of children, staff, and families. Collaboration with healthcare professionals, parents, and local authorities is key to establishing effective infection control practices and ensuring a positive learning experience.